Bioplastics, particularly PLA, are biodegradable materials with organic base which brings about a sustainable resource. Another important aspect of bioplastics is their biocompatibility which makes them usable in biomedical applications. Also, they are bio-absorbable which makes them more ideal in tissue engineering. PLA is made from lactic acid which is produced by bacterial fermentation of sugars. PLA is widely used in tissue engineering, due to its physical and chemical properties, to construct the scaffold. Although PLA presents a decent level of satisfaction in tissue engineering applications, its properties need to be enhanced to meet ideal requirements of tissue engineering.
Research and development of bioplastics substances for medical, dental and pharmaceutical use have hovered on the front lines for years. In some instances, products are already available, and are actively being used by pharmaceutical companies, field hospitals, trauma centers, surgeries, and clinics. Gelatin-based capsules made of animal or vegetable matter, for example, which naturally dissolve in the digestive tract, are in common use to control dosages for many OTC (over-the-counter) and prescription medications. Biodegradable stitches, which do not require manual removal after healing, are regularly used to suture wounds and surgical incisions. Biodegradable bandages designed to promote clotting and proactive skin regeneration are also actively in use for traumatic wound care.
- Implants of Bionics
- Neural engineering
- Dental Materials / Biomedical Engineering
- Cardiovascular Care
- Bone Repair
- Tissue Regeneration